As of early this month the world’s population was 7.02 billion people! About 50 years ago, in 1960 the world’s population was 3.02 billion. Human population grows exponentially, which means it starts off really slow, but then increases rapidly. For example, if you try to do a graph of 2 squared, 3 squared, 4 squared, you will see what it means when something grows exponentially, you can also click here to see a graph of the world’s population.
It is expected by the year 2050 the world’s population will be around 10 billion people. Why does this matter you might ask? Well, have you recently been to Los Angeles, or any other overpopulated metropolitan city? If yes, then you can sense where I am going with my topic. The feeling you might experience while being in a crowded area is nothing compared to countries with extreme overpopulation issues, such as India or China.
The picture shows an average day in India. The US does not even have half of neither of these two countries population.
As a result of decades of a rapid population increase, the Chinese government announced the controversial One-child policy in 1979, even though it was a proclaimed “temporary” measure, the act stills on effect today. The policy is not as simple as it sounds. Many people think that everyone in China is only allowed to have one child, or that if a women is pregnant and has one child already, she must abort.
Depending on where the couple lives, they could get fined up to thousands of dollars for having a second child without a permit. If one couple keeps having kids, reports say the Chinese government pressures abortion and even forced sterilization. According to this article, parents who volunteer to only have one child receive an award from the government, “Certificate of Honor for Single-Child Parents”, which is a way of promoting this measure. The article also mentions that the policy have prevented more than 250 millions births.
Controversy over this issue have been around since it was announce. However, over the last couple of years we have seen many female babies being thrown away. Some mothers even have a not recommended aborting, a late period abortion when they find out they are having a baby girl. The reason is because males are highly appreciated in the Chinese culture, just as other cultures as well, but this is causing a decrease in the female population. This means, that in the future, China’s one-child policy might backfire when they do not have enough females for their males. But could this be such a bad event? Perhaps it could be. Less babies, means more senior adults and less people to fill in the jobs left.(If robots have not taken over the jobs at this point).
China have been extremely criticized by the way they want to control their population. Critics say there are other ways to control a country’s population, such as educating people on family planning and birth controls. However, people do not want to be told what they need to do when it comes to their family planning. In class, we discussed how people in some towns burn birth control given by Peace Corps. because they find it offensive and a way of America trying to “colonize” their town. This makes me wonder, is China doing the right thing about their population control? what could of they have done differently in order to change the negative effects on female babies? is it time for the whole world to adopt some form of population control policy? or are we going to wait until we reach 10 billion people?